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Основная статья
http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/299/5607/682
Science 31 January 2003:
Vol. 299. no. 5607, pp. 682 - 686
DOI: 10.1126/science.1079700

REPORTS

Zero-Mode Waveguides for Single-Molecule Analysis at High Concentrations

M. J. Levene,1 J. Korlach,12 S. W. Turner,1* M. Foquet,1 H. G. Craighead,1 W. W. Webb1dagger

Optical approaches for observing the dynamics of single molecules have required pico- to nanomolar concentrations of fluorophore in order to isolate individual molecules. However, many biologically relevant processes occur at micromolar ligand concentrations, necessitating a reduction in the conventional observation volume by three orders of magnitude. We show that arrays of zero-mode waveguides consisting of subwavelength holes in a metal film provide a simple and highly parallel means for studying single-molecule dynamics at micromolar concentrations with microsecond temporal resolution. We present observations of DNA polymerase activity as an example of the effectiveness of zero-mode waveguides for performing single-molecule experiments at high concentrations.

1 Applied and Engineering Physics, 
2 Graduate Program in Biochemistry, Molecular, and Cell Biology, Cornell University, Clark Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA. 
*   Present address: Nanofluidics Incorporated, 17 Sheraton Drive, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA. 

dagger    To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: www2@cornell.edu 


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