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List of RNAs

List of RNAs

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of RNAs in nature. Some of these categories are broad, others are single RNA families.

RNAs involved in protein synthesis
Type  ↓Abbr.  ↓Function  ↓Distribution  ↓Ref.  ↓
Messenger RNAmRNACodes for proteinAll organisms
Ribosomal RNArRNATranslationAll organisms
Signal recognition particle RNA7SL RNA or SRP RNAMembrane integrationAll organisms[1]
Transfer RNAtRNATranslationAll organisms
Transfer-messenger RNAtmRNARescuing stalled ribosomesBacteria[2]
RNAs involved in post-transcriptional modification or DNA replication
Type  ↓Abbr.  ↓Function  ↓Distribution  ↓Ref.  ↓
Small nuclear RNAsnRNASplicing and other functionsEukaryotes and archaea[3]
Small nucleolar RNAsnoRNANucleotide modification of RNAsEukaryotes and archaea[4]
SmY RNASmYmRNA trans-splicingNematodes[5]
Small Cajal body-specific RNAscaRNAType of snoRNA; Nucleotide modification of RNAs
Guide RNAgRNAmRNA nucleotide modificationKinetoplastidmitochondria[6]
Ribonuclease PRNase PtRNA maturationAll organisms[7]
Ribonuclease MRPRNase MRPrRNA maturation, DNA replicationEukaryotes[8]
Y RNARNA processing, DNA replicationAnimals[9]
Telomerase RNATelomere synthesisMost eukaryotes[10]
Regulatory RNAs
Type  ↓Abbr.  ↓Function  ↓Distribution  ↓Ref.  ↓
Antisense RNAaRNATranscriptional attenuation / mRNA degradation / mRNA stabilisation / Translation blockAll organisms[11][12]
Cis-natural antisense transcriptGene regulation
CRISPR RNAcrRNAResistance to parasites, probably by targeting their DNABacteria and archaea[13]
Long noncoding RNALong ncRNAVariousEukaryotes
MicroRNAmiRNAGene regulationMost eukaryotes[14]
Piwi-interacting RNApiRNATransposon defense, maybe other functionsMost animals[15][16]
Small interfering RNAsiRNAGene regulationMosteukaryotes[17]
Trans-acting siRNAtasiRNAGene regulationLand plants[18]
Repeat associated siRNArasiRNAType of piRNA; transposon defenseDrosophila[19]
7SK RNA7SKnegatively regulating CDK9/cyclin T complex
Parasitic RNAs
Type  ↓Function  ↓Distribution  ↓Ref.  ↓
RetrotransposonSelf-propagatingEukaryotes and some bacteria[20]
Viral genomeInformation carrierDouble-stranded RNA virusespositive-sense RNA virusesnegative-sense RNA viruses, many satellite viruses and reverse transcribing viruses
ViroidSelf-propagatingInfected plants[21]
Satellite RNASelf-propagatingInfected cells
Other RNAs
Type  ↓Abbr.  ↓Function  ↓Distribution  ↓Ref.  ↓
Vault RNAvRNAExpulsion of xenobiotics, maybe[22]

[edit]See also


  1. ^ Gribaldo1 S, Brochier-Armanet C (2006). "The origin and evolution of Archaea: a state of the art". Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 361 (1470): 1007–22. doi:10.1098/rstb.2006.1841PMID 16754611.
  2. ^ Gillet R, Felden B (2001). "Emerging views on tmRNA-mediated protein tagging and ribosome rescue". Molecular Microbiology 42 (4): 879–85.doi:10.1046/j.1365-2958.2001.02701.x.
  3. ^ Thore S, Mayer C, Sauter C, Weeks S, Suck D (2003). "Crystal Structures of the Pyrococcus abyssi Sm Core and Its Complex with RNA". J. Biol. Chem. 278 (2): 1239–47. doi:10.1074/jbc.M207685200.
  4. ^ Kiss T (2001). "Small nucleolar RNA-guided post-transcriptional modification of cellular RNAs". The EMBO Journal 20: 3617–22.doi:10.1093/emboj/20.14.3617.
  5. ^ Jones TA, Otto W, Marz M, Eddy SR, Stadler PF (2009). "A survey of nematode SmY RNAs". RNA Biol 6 (1): 5–8. PMID 19106623.
  6. ^ Alfonzo JD, Thiemann O, Simpson L (1997). "The mechanism of U insertion/deletion RNA editing in kinetoplastid mitochondria". Nucleic Acids Research 25 (19): 3751–59. doi:10.1093/nar/25.19.3751PMID 9380494.
  7. ^ Pannucci JA, Haas ES, Hall TA, Harris JK, Brown JW (1999). "RNase P RNAs from some Archaea are catalytically active". Proc Natl Acad Sci USA96 (14): 7803–08. doi:10.1073/pnas.96.14.7803PMID 10393902.
  8. ^ Woodhams MD, Stadler PF, Penny D, Collins LJ (2007). "RNase MRP and the RNA processing cascade in the eukaryotic ancestor". BMC Evolutionary Biology 7: S13. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-7-S1-S13.
  9. ^ Perreault J, Perreault J-P, Boire G (2007). "Ro-associated Y RNAs in metazoans: evolution and diversification". Molecular Biology and Evolution 24(8): 1678–89. doi:10.1093/molbev/msm084.
  10. ^ Lustig AJ (1999). "Crisis intervention: The role of telomerase". Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 96 (7): 3339–41. doi:10.1073/pnas.96.7.3339PMID 10097039.
  11. ^ Brantl S (2002). "Antisense-RNA regulation and RNA interference". Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1575 (1–3): 15–25. PMID 12020814.
  12. ^ Brantl S (2007). "Regulatory mechanisms employed by cis-encoded antisense RNAs". Curr. Opin. Microbiol. 10 (2): 102–9.doi:10.1016/j.mib.2007.03.012PMID 17387036.
  13. ^ Brouns SJ, Jore MM, Lundgren M, et al. (August 2008). "Small CRISPR RNAs guide antiviral defense in prokaryotes". Science (New York, N.Y.) 321(5891): 960–4. doi:10.1126/science.1159689PMID 18703739.
  14. ^ Lin S-L, Miller JD, Ying S-Y (2006). "Intronic microRNA (miRNA)". Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology 2006: 1–13.doi:10.1155/JBB/2006/26818PMID 17057362.
  15. ^ Horwich MD, Li C Matranga C, Vagin V, Farley G, Wang P, Zamore PD (2007). "The Drosophila RNA methyltransferase, DmHen1, modifies germline piRNAs and single-stranded siRNAs in RISC". Current Biology 17: 1265–72. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2007.06.030.
  16. ^ Ghildiyal M, Zamore PD (February 2009). "Small silencing RNAs: an expanding universe". Nat. Rev. Genet. 10 (2): 94–108. doi:10.1038/nrg2504.PMID 19148191.
  17. ^ Ahmad K, Henikoff S (2002). "Epigenetic consequences of nucleosome dynamics". Cell 111 (3): 281–84. doi:10.1016/S0092-8674(02)01081-4.
  18. ^ Vazquez F, Vaucheret H (2004). "Endogenous trans-acting siRNAs regulate the accumulation of Arabidopsis mRNAs". Mol. Cell (16): 1–13. PMID 17057362.
  19. ^ Desset S, Buchon N, Meignin C, Coiffet M, Vaury C (2008). "In Drosophila melanogaster the COM locus directs the somatic silencing of two retrotransposons through both Piwi-dependent and -independent pathways". PLoS ONE 3 (2): e1526. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0001526PMID 18253480.
  20. ^ Boeke JD (2003). "The unusual phylogenetic distribution of retrotransposons: a hypothesis". Genome Research 13: 1975–83.doi:10.1101/gr.1392003PMID 12952870.
  21. ^ Flores R, Hernández C, Martínez de Alba AE, Daròs JA, Di Serio F (2005). "Viroids and viroid-host interactions". Annual Review of Phytopathology 43: 117–39. doi:10.1146/annurev.phyto.43.040204.140243PMID 16078879.
  22. ^ Gopinath SC, Matsugami A, Katahira M, Kumar PK (2005). "Human vault-associated non-coding RNAs bind to mitoxantrone, a chemotherapeutic compound". Nucleic Acids Res. 33 (15): 4874–81. doi:10.1093/nar/gki809PMID 16150923.

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