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Manfred Eigen

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Manfred Eigen
BornMay 91927
Bochum
NationalityGerman
Fieldsbiophysics
InstitutionsMax Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry
Known forchemical reactions
Notable awardsNobel Prize in Chemistry(1967)

Manfred Eigen (born May 91927 ) is a German biophysicist who won the 1967 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for work on measuring fast chemical reactions.

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[edit]Career

He has been former director of the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry in Göttingen, he is an honorary doctor of the TU Braunschweig. From 1982 to 1993, Eigen was president of the German National Merit Foundation.

In 1967, Eigen was awarded, along with Ronald George Wreyford Norrish and George Porter, the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. They were distinguished for their studies of extremely fast chemical reactions induced in response to very short pulses of energy.

In addition, Eigen's name is linked with the theory of the chemical hypercycle, the cyclic linkage of reaction cycles as an explanation for the self organization of prebiotic systems, which he described with Peter Schuster in 1979. Eigen is a member of the Board of Sponsors of The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.

[edit]See also

[edit]Bibliography

  • Manfred Eigen and Peter Schuster The Hypercycle: A principle of natural self-organization, 1979, Springer ISBN 0-387-09293-5
  • Manfred Eigen, Ruthild Winkler: The Laws of the Game: How The Principles of Nature Govern Chance, 1993, Princeton University Press, ISBN 0-691-02566-5
  • Manfred Eigen, "Molekulare Selbstorganisation und Evolution." (Self organization of matter and the evolution of biological macro molecules.) Naturwissenschaften 58 (10). 1971 pp. 465-523. In English. Influential theoretical paper on origin-of-life biochemistry.

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Nobel Laureates in Chemistry

Edwin McMillan / Glenn T. Seaborg (1951) · Archer Martin / Richard Synge (1952) · Hermann Staudinger (1953) · Linus Pauling (1954) ·Vincent du Vigneaud (1955) · Cyril Hinshelwood / Nikolay Semyonov (1956) · Alexander Todd (1957) · Frederick Sanger (1958) · Jaroslav Heyrovský (1959) ·Willard Libby (1960) · Melvin Calvin (1961) · Max Perutz / John Kendrew (1962) · Karl Ziegler / Giulio Natta (1963) · Dorothy Hodgkin (1964) ·Robert Woodward (1965) · Robert S. Mulliken (1966) · Manfred Eigen / Ronald Norrish / George Porter (1967) · Lars Onsager (1968) ·Derek Barton / Odd Hassel (1969) · Luis Federico Leloir (1970) · Gerhard Herzberg (1971) · Christian B. Anfinsen / Stanford Moore / William Stein (1972) ·E.O.Fischer / Geoffrey Wilkinson (1973) · Paul Flory (1974) · John Cornforth / Vladimir Prelog (1975)

Complete roster · 1901–1925 · 1926–1950 · 1951–1975 · 1976–2000 · 2001–present
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